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Arrhythmia prevalence, predictors, and impact on hospital-associated outcomes among patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

  • Author Footnotes
    1 The first two authors, Inimfon Jacson and Aniekeme Etuk, contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors.
    Inimfon Jackson
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: Inimfon Jackson, MD, PhD, Department of Medicine, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19141.
    Footnotes
    1 The first two authors, Inimfon Jacson and Aniekeme Etuk, contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors.
    Affiliations
    Department of Medicine, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 The first two authors, Inimfon Jacson and Aniekeme Etuk, contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors.
    Aniekeme Etuk
    Footnotes
    1 The first two authors, Inimfon Jacson and Aniekeme Etuk, contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors.
    Affiliations
    Department of Internal Medicine, Thomas Hospital Infirmary Health, Fairhope, AL, USA
    Search for articles by this author
  • Nsikak Jackson
    Affiliations
    Department of Management, Policy and Community Health, University of Texas School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 The first two authors, Inimfon Jacson and Aniekeme Etuk, contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors.
Published:August 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjms.2022.08.011

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients have been reported to have cardiac manifestations, however, arrhythmias have not been characterized in this population. We examined the predictors of arrhythmias and assessed the impact of arrhythmias on inpatient outcomes among DLBCL patients.

      Methods

      Retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the National Inpatient Sample data collected between 2016 and 2018. Multivariable logistic and linear regression models were used to examine the predictors of arrhythmias and inpatient outcomes among DLBCL patients.

      Results

      11% of DLBCL patients had a diagnosis of arrhythmias. Patients aged 70 years or older had 2.6 times higher odds (95% CI: 2.37–2.78) of having arrhythmias compared to patients younger than 70 years. Females were 23% (AOR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.71–0.83) less likely to have a diagnosis of arrhythmias relative to their male counterparts. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, patients who were non-Hispanic blacks (AOR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.60–0.81), Hispanics (AOR: 0.60; 95% CI: 0.52–0.69) or in the non-Hispanic other category (AOR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.70–0.91) were significantly less likely to be diagnosed with arrhythmias. Other factors that predicted arrhythmias were patient disposition and comorbidity index. Additionally, arrhythmias were associated with higher inpatient mortality, length of stay and hospital costs.

      Conclusions

      Older male patients were more likely to be diagnosed with arrhythmias while non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were less likely to have arrhythmias. These findings highlight the need for surveillance to enable early detection of arrhythmias in this population.

      Key indexing terms

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