Infrastructure| Volume 336, ISSUE 2, P191-196, August 2008

Download started.


Louisiana State University Health Care Services Division Medical Center of Louisiana at New Orleans: Ambulatory Care Services Bigger and Better

      The second-oldest hospital in the United States, Charity Hospital in New Orleans is a public hospital that was founded on May 10, 1736, in a house on the corner of Chartres and Bienville Streets. The legacy of Jean Louis, a French shipbuilder and sailor who died in New Orleans in 1735 and bequeathed his estate to build a hospital that would serve the city’s indigent population, Charity was originally named the Hospital of Saint John or L’Hôpital des Pauvres de la Charité - “Hospital of the Poor.” In 1743, a new building was constructed to house Charity Hospital, which was nearly destroyed by a hurricane in 1778. A third Charity Hospital had been built by 1785, only to be razed by fire in 1809. In fact, the concrete behemoth that sprawls on Tulane Avenue today, the iconic symbol of New Orleans’ public healthcare system, is the sixth incarnation of Jean Louis’ philanthropic bequest. Opened in 1939, the vast and seemingly indestructible building was finally felled in the summer of 2005 by the effects of Hurricane Katrina.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to The American Journal of the Medical Sciences
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


      1. Available at:

      2. Available at:

      3. The State of Louisiana Communities That Care Youth Survey. Available at: