Endometrial polyps (EPs) and colorectal polyps (CPs) are common disorders and the incidence of both increase rapidly with aging. CPs are focal lesions and incidence increases with age.
In this study, we aimed to analyze retrospectively the relationship between the EPs and CPs sharing similar clinical and genetic factors in their etiopathogenesis.
Materials and Methods
This study was retrospectively performed between 2010 and 2013 and it included patients diagnosed to have eEPs. The study group and the control group consisted of patients who were diagnosed with or without EPs and who underwent colonoscopy at the same period.
The study group was formed by 57 patients with diagnosis of EP who underwent colonoscopy during the same period. The control group consisted of 71 patients without EP examined with colonoscopy. Among 128 patients assessed in this study, 24 were diagnosed with CPs, all of which were adenomatous polyps smaller than 1 cm. No hyperplastic or inflammatory polyps were diagnosed. While 18 of 57 patients with EPs had CPs, 6 of 71 control subjects had CPs. Hence, the risk of having CP was 5 times greater in patients with EP compared to those without (P < 0.05).
The present study demonstrated that the prevalence of CPs increased significantly in postmenopausal patients with EPs. Recommending colonoscopy to these patients irrespective of age may be beneficial for detecting more CPs and preventing colorectal cancer.
Key Indexing Terms
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Accepted: August 22, 2015
Received: January 22, 2015
☆The authors have no financial or other conflicts of interest to disclose.
© 2016 Southern Society for Clinical Investigation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.